Diagnoses | Hospitals Hypertension For Nurses It is important to complete an accurate assessment/history of a patient with possible hypertension in order to determine the appropriate treatment. Physical examination also serves as an important indication of...
Maternal Health Crisis: Leaving Mothers When They Need Us Most
- There is a gap in the American maternal child industrial complex when it comes to attention to women in the puerperium, which can be a time of great risk for new mothers.
- The United States has a higher maternal death rate than any other civilized country, with a large proportion of these deaths occurring postpartum. This is why we are in a maternal heath crisis.
- Registered nurses have the power and expertise to fill this void by providing critical care during the puerperium, including assessment for hemorrhage, hypertension, infection, and more.
Mary Kay Phillips
PhD, CNM, RN
Morning rounds and, as usual, is accompanied by the system-generated pressure to discharge as many postpartum patients as possible. As a midwife, I wholeheartedly believe that shorter hospital stays are beneficial from a health-risk exposure perspective.
But, as an employee of an HMO medical group, I recognize a horrible void in our American maternal child industrial complex, attention to women in the puerperium.
Nurses can fill this void.
The U.S. Maternal Health Crisis
Many of our modern-day mothers lack educated social support—even among higher economical classes. Many are geographically distanced from family, and those who have family near them may be at risk for incorrect or outdated information.
The typical six-week gap between a new mother’s short hospital stay and their next clinical visit can be a time of great risk.
Our for-profit system enrolls these mothers when pregnant, limits them to typically nine prenatal visits, educates through downloadable, impersonal videos, and pushes them out the door in less than twenty-four hours postpartum.
At the very least, we anticipate that she will successfully breast feed. Somewhere in the middle, we hope she doesn’t get too depressed. And more earnestly, we lay odds she won’t bleed to death or stroke.
The United States is an, unfortunately, dangerous place to have just given birth. Our maternal death rate is higher than any other civilized country. A large proportion of these deaths occur postpartum. What many of these other countries have, that we do not, are home visits by public health nurses and/or midwives in those first days and weeks after having a baby.
As a midwife, the most I can offer my young mothers is a 2–3-day tele-med appointment for known hypertension, or a possible lactation support phone call. No one is going to this new mother’s home. No one is surveying for domestic violence. No one is noting sound nutritional practices. No one is assessing for depression, ruling out hypertension, nor ruling in appropriate bonding.
More than half of maternal deaths occur after birth. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least four health contacts in the first six weeks. WHO is speaking to us. Yes—U.S.—the United States of America. WHO has made the recommendation, we need to take heed.
Physician-led organizations have created a maternal-child industrial complex where large volumes of insured women are enrolled, weighed, measured, and scanned. Women are placed in categories for risk and remedied through algorithms for normal and all sorts of variations from normal.
Appointments are short in duration and scarcely available. Once she is delivered, she is rolled off the docket with no contact for six weeks—if even then—making room for the next pregnancy in the queue.
The Role of RNs During in the Peurperium
The puerperium void in our health care system is a major contributor to our national maternal health crisis. The puerperium is a niche for nurses. Filling this void does not need to be physician-led.
Registered Nurses have the power and expertise to successfully navigate women through the puerperium. Registered nurses should own this. This particular health care crisis is not a lack of knowledge. It is a lack of care.
In addition to the assessment for hemorrhage, hypertension, and infection, etc., a care giver calculates for racial disparities and bias, insurance disparities, mental health, substance abuse, domestic abuse and other contributors to maternal morbidity that don’t have numbers, scales, or algorithms.
Nurses do this in person, at the bedside, face-to-face where critical thinking is based on the whole assessment, not just a blood pressure, a lab value, or depression scale check list.
Nurses are there to see, to touch, to smell, to listen, to be present, to care.
Registered nurses looking for independence and entrepreneurial business ventures could consider a business model which focuses the maternal health crisis and on caring for women in the puerperium. Too often, nurses pass or overlook opportunities in business, opportunities for professional independence, leadership, and research.
Postpartum home care is a niche that can be filled by nurses. Nurses should create, define, and own the model. If nurses do not own this model, a less qualified or less caring profession will.
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